The human placenta is unique among all organs. It’s the only gate between the mother and the fetus which allows a selective mass transfer. It supplies the embryo with nutrients and oxygen, removes waste products, performs immunological functions, kidney functions, digestive functions, and more (all-in-one!).
Healthy human placenta weights around 500 g which contain over 300 km of blood vessels, at term. Hence, human placenta has a tremendous bioactive potential.
Placenta is an organ largely composed of fetal elements and probably the most easily accessible raw tissue material without causing additional harm to donors. Many human placenta-based products have already been successfully used as topical or injectable agents in clinical approaches related to wound healing, burn injuries, post-surgical dressings or bedsores, for ophthalmology and other applications in regenerative medicine for over 100 years!